Nordpolen

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"BLACK ROCK"

GERARDUS MERCATOR 1595

På många kartor från 1500-talet
är Nordpolen en svart klippa omgiven av fyra öar med floder emellan. Klippan återfinns i flera kulturer.

ABRAHAM ORTELIUS 1570
FRÅN FÖRSTA MODERNA ATLASEN "THEATRUM ORBIS TERRARIUM"

EFTER MERCATORS KARTA

"The pole itself is made up of four surrounding islands, which myth had it were separated by four strong flowing rivers. These carried the oceans of the world towards a giant whirlpool at the pole where there stood a large rock. An account of this myth in Mercator's own hand still exists". Read more here

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GERARDUS MERCATOR 1589

URBANO MONTE 1587

“An important and extraordinary manuscript world map drawn up on a north polar projection to form the largest manuscript map of the world at 9 by 9 feet. This map is one of 3 examples extant (2 manuscript, 1 printed) that form the continuum of Urbano Monte's work on his ultimate world map. “Unique in many ways,” says G. Salim Mohammed, the head and curator of the David Rumsey Map Center at Stanford University, which recently added the map to its collection. “No one has really studied this because it’s been hidden for centuries.” Only three surviving versions of the map are known to exist. Read more here

On this map, along with all kinds of animals we know today, there are representations of so called "mythical creatures", or rather biblical, such as dragons and unicorns.

Tyska jesuiten, kartografen och professor i hebreiska, matematik och astronomi, Heinrich Scherer (1628-1704) använder uttrycket "Polum Mundi" "världs-polen, "jordens centrum" och "polen" då han som flera andra kände till att det endast finns en pol: Nordpolen. "Sydpolen" eller Antarktis är landmassan som omger världshaven, inte en kontinent på botten av ett klot.

"The Four Corners Of The World";
SEPTENTRIO,  ORTUS, MERIDIES, &  OCCASUS